What is Google Analytics and How does it work in detail?

3 years ago -

What is Google Analytics and How does it work in detail?

Google Analytics is a critical tool for the success of a business online, it is now the requirement of any Digital marketing job; because of Google Analytics, you can track your marketing is working or if there are technical issues blocking sales. If you’re a beginner then this articles actually help you to know what is the Google analytics in details and how does it work for your website.

It helps to access the huge amount of information that is related to how users find and interact with your website.

For example, you can see how many users visited your site or a specific site, how long they visited there, when they dropped odd from there, where your visitors live, how kinds of certain keywords they used, and so forth.

Google Analytics Overview (History and Use cases)

  • This is a free tool since it was launched in 2005. There is also a premium version of google analytic called Analytics 320 but you do not need to upgrade this version unless you’re getting more than 10 million visitors in a month.
  • In the layout of Analytic, you will log in to Home. You will see interesting information about your business. If you want more detail about your business/ website then those will appear in their sidebar whose break down into five categories:
    • Real-time
    • Audience
    • Acquisition
    • Behaviors
    • Conversions
  • There is a customization section in Google Analytics, this allows you to go beyond the standardized reports and create your own reports that potentially merge your own company metric and offline data with the data from Google Analytics.

  • There is an Admin section, that is used to set up a Google Analytics account.


Real-time helps you to show real-time information like who is on your site and what they are using or doing. If you post an awesome blog or post and want to see people how many people are using it then with real-time you can. Real-Time appears in the left sidebar of your Google Analytics dashboard from where you can access real-time data by clicking it.

It shows the real-time reports of locations, traffic sources, content, events, and conversions.

What is Google Analytics and how it uses


The audience shows the insight into the characteristics of your business’s user like age, gender, location, a device to pinpoint online audience through saying Facebook Advertising and more specific we target. This section track users who have visited your site in the last 1, 7, 14, or 30 days.

What is Google Analytics and how it uses


The acquisition shows how users arrive and find at your website, what they do once they reach there, and if they completed the specific action (say filling a form). For example; if you see a lot of users coming from Facebook or other social media then you can create content more from which site they’re coming through (Facebook).

What is Google Analytics and how it uses


Behavior helps you to understand users as they interact with your site and you can look at these reports to tell you where your site is leaking money where your users are dropping off in the checkout process etc. Also, help you to determine if new users are returning to engage with your content or not. Data can be viewed into 3 sub-categories; Frequency and Regency, New vs Returning, and Engagement.

What is Google Analytics and how it uses


Conversion helps to track the success of your website goals and we can analyze their reports and optimize your site so that you can turn more of your site visitor into email subscribers or paying customers. Like, how many users registered for your email list? How many users made a purchase?

How to Create a Google Analytics account?

Many of the customizations depend on the types of business you run.

  • Go to com/analytics
  • Click on start for free
  • Log-in with Gmail account
  • Then follow the below steps:

(Install Tracking code: in order to collect data and see report in Google Analytics, you need to install tracking code to your website and there are freeways for these steps)

  1.  If you‘re using a WIX, Square space, Shopify, or other websites builder then you can just copy the Tracking Id and paste it into the admin section at your website.
  2.  If you’re using WordPress, login into your WordPress dashboard or install a new plugin “monster insight” and copy the tracking code and paste it either on it.

When you are developing a website, Google Tag Manager can help you handle the many tags you are using. Tags are javascript files (typically used for tracking) that pull from separate 3rd party services, such as Google AnalyticsDoubleClick Floodlight Counter, or Adwords. This can slow down site load times since it must wait for a response from the 3rd party scripts before it can completely load your page.

container tag is placed on each page of your website, and it pulls all the tags that you set up from Google Tag Manager. This simplifies the process for adding or removing scripts from your website, but it can also improve the load times. Google tag manager is helpful for marketing a website since it allows you to quickly add tags to a container without having to access/edit the code of the website. In this tutorial, we will show you how to set up a Google Tag Manager account, which consists of 2 main steps: Creating a Google Tag Manager account (this will create a container), then Adding the container to your web pages.

Create Google Tag Manager Account:

  1. Go to the https://www.google.com/tagmanager/
  2. Click the Sign up now button.
  3. Enter an Account Name, choose if you want to share your data with Google, then click the Next button.
  4. On the next screen enter a Container Name. Google suggests that you “name the container after the website.”
  5. Choose if you are going to use the Container on Web Pages, or Mobile Apps. For this article I chose Web Pages.
  6. It will drop down with additional options, choose your Time Zone, and click the Create Account and Container button.
  7. The Google Tag Manager Terms of Service Agreement will then be displayed, click the I ACCEPT button to proceed. You will then see the code for your Container, in the next section we will show you how to add it to your website.

How to Add the Container to your Site:

  1. Log in to the Google Tag Manager.
  2. Click Accounts, then click the account you want to set up.
  3. Select your container from the Containers section. Now, click Users & Settings, then Settings.
  4. Copy the provided code, it must be pasted into each page of your website. It will look similar to this:
  5. Login to cPanel.
  6. Click the File Manager button in the Files section. If the Directory Selection window pops up, choose Web Root, then click Go.
  7. Navigate to where your website files are located. Now, click the site file you want to add the container to and click the Edit button. (If the Text Editor window pops up, click the Edit button)
  8. Paste the code immediately after the & its <body> tag.
  • Repeat Step 5, and Step 6 for each page of your site.

How to Confirm it’s Working?

Just open an incognito window from your browser and type your website link to the domain and refresh the page in Google analytics.

Now, you will see one active user on your website.

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About Author

Ruby is an IT Engineer | Blogger | Digital marketer who offers Copywriting, ghostwriting, and blogging services to provide digital marketing content that gains social media attention and increases search engine visibility.

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